What is Schizophrenia?
It is a serious mental disorder which affects how a person thinks, feels and acts. People with schizophrenia have a hard time differentiating between what is real and what is imaginary; they are often unresponsive and seem withdrawn; also have difficulty expressing normal emotions.
As opposed to common perception, the majority number of people with schizophrenia are not violent and do not pose a threat to others.
What Causes Schizophrenia?
It is still unclear why it happens. Some theories include genetics, abnormalities in the brain’s structure,possible viral infections and immune disorders. It may also be triggered by environmental events, such as viral infections or immune disorders.
What are the Symptoms of Schizophrenia?
The symptoms are divided by positive symptoms and negative symptoms. While the positive symptoms are externally added to the person’s personality like a false illusion of someone watching them or spying on them, false ideas or delusion, sensing non existent things i.e. hallucinations. Nonsensical thinking and speech, having a peculiar language or sounds. Abnormal behavior in terms of routine, hygiene, clothing, random outbursts and actions. They often get anxiety without no reason. Whereas negative symptoms cause a deficit of emotions, lack of interest, no drive to initiate, socially awkward or withdrawn and indifference.
Treatment of schizophrenia.
As of now, there is no cure for a people with schizophrenia, a lot of people lead productive and fulfilling lives with the appropriate treatment and medication. People can be helped by rehabilitation in recovering the confidence by skill development commonly needed to live a productive and independent life in the society. Different forms of therapy, both individual and group, help both the patient and family members to understand the illness better and voice their concerns.Medications help in preventing the symptoms of schizophrenia, they help to reduce the biochemical imbalances that cause a relapse.