All about Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Multiple sclerosis is a long-lasting disease that affects your brain, spinal cord, and the optic nerves in your eyes. It causes problems with your vision, balancing ability, muscle control, and other basic body functions.

What Causes MS?

The concrete cause of it hasn’t been determined yet, people with a family history of the disease have a higher chance. Smoking is also shown to be a contributing factor, vitamin D deficiency is also suggested, people living in areas with less sunlight have higher chances of getting MS.


What are the symptoms of MS?

The first symptoms of ms often start between ages 20 and 40. Your foot has started to tingle, you’ve felt weak lately, your brain and spinal cord are affected hence the above are happening, this means your brain can’t send signals through your body correctly. As a result, you may have symptoms like:

  • Trouble walking
  • Feeling tired
  • Muscle weakness or spasms
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Numbness and tingling
  • Sexual problems
  • Poor bladder or bowel control
  • Pain
  • Depression
  • Problems focusing or remembering


Getting a Diagnosis

It can be hard to diagnose MS, since its symptoms can be the same as many other nerve disorders. Your neurologist might ask you to get the following done:

  • Blood tests to rule out diseases that cause similar symptoms
  • Tests for your coordination, vision, and other functions to see how well your nerves are working
  • An MRI, test that makes detailed pictures of the structures in your body.
  • Protein check in your cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the liquid that cushions your brain and spinal cord,
  • Tests that measure the electrical activity in your brain.


Treating MS

A certain cure has not been developed yet, however, medicines to slow the progress of the disease have been made, a physician can be consulted to deal with the fatigue and  pain. A therapist can be hired to help you through the emotional wellness. Yoga and meditation are found to be useful to relieve stress.


What’s the Outlook for MS?

Scientists are also looking for new ways to treat MS in clinical trials, researching on stem cells and genes, if the damage to nerves is identified in the early stages, it can be possibly tried for a cure.

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